Tacoma's New ADU Regulations
Last month, Tacoma legalized backyard cottages and relaxed restrictions on accessory dwelling units (ADUs). Changes to the current ADU code are intended to increase the availability of these modestly sized, relatively affordable and green housing types by removing some key barriers that previously discouraged property owners from creating an additional dwelling on their lot. Notably, ADUs attached to the main home have been allowed in most residential zones in Tacoma since 2013, however only 62 have been permitted over the last five years.
Further indicating that demand was held back by restrictive rules, permit applications for ADUs jumped significantly in Bellingham and Vancouver, Washington immediately after those cities loosened their ADU regulations. Having closely followed the lengthy public outreach process here in Tacoma, WC STUDIO heard an outpouring of support and interest from the community and we are optimistic this trend will be repeated here.
Among the many reasons to welcome more granny flats and coach houses to Tacoma, accessory dwelling units flexibly meet the needs of many household types—from first time homebuyers and young families to seniors aging in place. More ADUs and DADUs in Tacoma will make the city’s opportunity rich neighborhoods more accessible to those who could not otherwise afford or do not desire a stand-alone house on a large lot.
Tacoma’s new ADU regulations will go into effect May 1, 2019. Here are 5 things to know if you are considering an ADU or DADU for your property:
1. no OWNER OCCUPANCY REQUIREMENT
Unless the D/ADU will be used as a short term rental, the Owner occupancy requirement has been eliminated.
We believe relaxing this indefinite commitment and allowing both the main house and the accessory dwelling to be rented out is key to encouraging more owners to develop and legalize existing un-permitted D/ADUs.
2. More flexibility for ADU TYPE & style
Accessory dwelling units (ADU), including detached (DADU) will be allowed in all residential zones. This includes converting a garage or building an apartment over a garage as well as new backyard cottages.
However, all DADUs must have a permanent foundation. Sorry, no shipping containers or tiny houses on wheels are allowed.
Previous code dictated the D/ADU design must match the style of the main home. The new code provides more flexibility. Under the revised rules, the design should complement the main home and be of equal or greater quality—great news if you are interested in a modern DADU or contemporary ADU addition to your home.
3. more flexible lot requirements
New code removes minimum lot size and dimension requirements as long as all other standards regulating overall lot coverage, yard space, location & setbacks are met (see diagrams below).
However, the D/ADU must still be located behind the front wall of the main house.
Existing structures being converted to a DADU will not be subject to setback requirements.
4. ADU sizE, height & Quantity limitations
Maximum size of DADU is 1000 square feet or 85% of the main home, whichever is less.
Height limit of 18’ may be increased to 20’ when the DADU is designed and constructed to Built-Green standards or located above a garage.
Only one ADU or DADU per single family lot is allowed.
5. HOME OCCUPATION RULES
D/ADUs may function as a home office or home based business subject to existing regulations.
When both the D/ADU and the main home have business uses, only one of the two may receive customers.
a closer look: WHAT SIZE DADU CAN YOU BUILD?
It is important to note that the 1000 square foot cap is the maximum DADU size, but the actual size of the DADU allowed on any particular lot may vary depending on a number of factors:
Overall Lot Coverage
The total footprint of all accessory structures—which includes detached accessory dwellings, garages, sheds, stables, etc.—is limited to the lesser of:
15% of the lot area plus 500 square feet when one of the accessory buildings is a DADU
85% of the main house footprint
1500 square feet (except for lots larger than 10,000 sf)
Size of Existing Home
The total livable area—which differs from footprint for two-story accessory dwellings—is limited to the lesser of:
85% of the main house
Required Yard Space
No additional yard space is required for the D/ADU but minimum required for the main house must be preserved.
Location & Setbacks
Depending on lot shape and dimensions, setback regulations could limit the overall size as well. The general setback rules for some typical and less common configurations are pictured below.
Additional setback rules apply where the D/ADU entry faces a side property line.
ADU additions are generally subject to the same setback requirements for the main house.
Existing structures converted to a DADU are not subject to setback rules, but must still comply with the building code.
Still have questions about Tacoma’s new ADU regulations or want to talk about the specifics of your project? WC STUDIO can be a resource for you as you start planning an ADU or DADU design for your property. Check out an example of a DADU Feasibility Study or get in touch to schedule a consultation.